Vitamin D is fondly referred to as the ‘sunshine vitamin’ because it is commonly sourced from the sun’s rays. Although this essential vitamin is vital for many different functions in the body, it is popularly taken to maintain strong bones and teeth. Vitamin D also promotes a healthy immune system and normal muscle function.
As the skin ages, it becomes less efficient at converting rays from the sun into vitamin D and a gradual loss of bone density can occur leaving bones vulnerable to breaks or fractures. Mature women in particular are at increased risk of bone loss due to dropping oestrogen levels after menopause. Higher intakes of vitamin D have also been shown to reduce the risk of falling associated with postural instability and muscle weakness, which is a serious risk factor for bone fractures among men and women of sixty years of age and older.*